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(39) Xue, S.; Xu, W.; Wang, L.; Wang, X.; Duan, Q.; Calcul, L.; Wang, S.; Liu, W.; Sun, X.; Lu, L.; Jiang, S.; Cai, J. An HR2-Mimicking Sulfonyl-γ-AApeptide Is a Potent Pan-Coronavirus Fusion Inhibitor with Strong Blood–Brain Barrier Permeability, Long Half-Life, and Promising Oral Bioavailability. ACS Cent. Sci. 2023, 9 (5), 1046–1058.[Link]

(38) Xu, C.; Tran, Q.(undergraduate); Wojtas, L.; Liu, W. Harnessing Ion-Dipole Interactions: A Simple and Effective Approach to High-Performance Lithium Receptors. J. Mater. Chem. A. 2023, 11, 12214–12222. [Link]

(37) Chen, H.; Roy, I.; Myong, M. S.; Seale, J. S. W.; Cai, K.; Jiao, Y.; Liu, W.; Song, B.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, X.; Feng, Y.; Liu, F.; Young, R. M.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Stoddart, J. F. Triplet–Triplet Annihilation Upconversion in a Porphyrinic Molecular Container. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023, 145, 10061–10070.  [Link]

(36) Zhai, C.; Xu, C.; Cui, Y.; Wojtas, L.; Liu, W. A Dynamic Approach to Synthetic Lectin for Glucose with Boosted Binding Affinity through C–H Hydrogen Bonding. Chem. Eur. J. 2023, e202300524.  [Link]

(35) Wu, H.; Wang, Y.; Tang, C.; Jones, L. O.; Song, B.; Chen, X.; Zhang, L.; Wu, Y.; Stern, C. L.; Schatz, G. C.; Liu, W.; Stoddart, J. F. High-Efficiency Gold Recovery by Additive-Induced Supramolecular Polymerization of β-Cyclodextrin. Nat. Commun. 2023, 14, 1284. [Link]

(34) Garci, A.; David, A. H. G.; Le Bras, L.; Ovalle, M.; Abid, S.; Young, R. M.; Liu, W.; Azad, C. S.; Brown, P. J.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Stoddart, J. F. Thermally Controlled Exciplex Fluorescence in a Dynamic Homo[2]Catenane. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2022, 144, 23551–23559. [Link]

(33)   Garci, A.; Weber, J. A.; Young, R. M.; Kazem-Rostami, M.; Ovalle, M.; Beldjoudi, Y.; Atilgan, A.; Bae, Y. J.; Liu, W.; Jones, L. O.; Stern, C. L.; Schatz, G. C.; Farha, O. K.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Stoddart, J. F. Mechanically Interlocked Pyrene-Based Photocatalysts. Nat. Catal. 2022, 5, 523–533. [Link]

(32)    Wu, Y.; Guo, Q.; Qiu, Y.; Weber, J. A.; Young, R. M.; Bancroft, L.; Jiao, Y.; Chen, H.; Song, B.; Liu, W.; Feng, Y.; Zhao, X.; Li, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, X.-Y.; Li, H.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Stoddart, J. F. Syntheses of Three-Dimensional Catenanes under Kinetic Control. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2022, 119, 1–6. [Link]






(31)    Liu, W.; Tan, Y.; Jones, L. O.; Song, B.; Guo, Q.-H.; Zhang, L.; Qiu, Y.; Feng, Y.; Chen, X.-Y.; Schatz, G.C.; Stoddart, J. F. PCage: Fluorescent Molecular Temples for Binding Sugars in Water. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 15688–15700  [Link] (Supplementary Cover)

(30) Liu, W.; Das, P. J.;  Colquhoun, H. M.; Stoddart, J. F.  Whither Second-Sphere Coordination? CCS. Chemistry.  2021, 3, 3436–3465  [Link]

(29)    Wu, H.; Wang. Y.; Song, B.; Wang, H.-J.; Zhou, J.; Sun, Y.; Jones, L. O.; Liu, W.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, X.; Cai, K.; Chen, X.-Y.; Stern, C. L.; Wei, J.; Farha, O. K.; Anna, J. M.; Schatz, G.C.; Liu, Y.; Stoddart, J.F. A Contorted Nanographene Shelter. Nat. Commu.  2021, 12, 5191. [Link]

(28)    Wu, H.; Wang. Y.; Jones, L. O.; Liu, W.; Zhang, L.; Song, B.; Chen, X.-Y.; Stern, C.L.; Schatz, G.C.; Stoddart, J.F. Selective Separation of Hexachloroplatinate (IV) Dianions Based on Exo‐Binding with Cucurbit [6] uril. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.  2021, 60, 17587–17594. [Link]

(27)    Liu, W.; Stoddart, J.F. Emergent behavior in nanoconfined molecular containers. Chem 20217, 919–947. [Link]

(26)    Liu, W.; Jones, L.O.; Wu, H.; Stern, C.L.; Sponenburg, R.A.; Schatz, G.C.; Stoddart, J.F.  Supramolecular gold stripping from activated carbon using α-cyclodextrin. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021143, 1984–1992. [Link]


Front Cover

(25)    Anamimoghadam, O.; Jones, L.O.; Cooper, J.A.; Beldjoudi, Y.; Nguyen, M.T; Liu, W.; Krzyaniak, M.D.; Pezzato, C.; Stern, C.L.; Patel, H.A.; Wasielewski, M.R.; Schatz, G.C.; Stoddart, J.F. Discrete open-shell tris(bipyridinium radical cationic) inclusion complexes in the solid state. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 163–175. [Link]

(24)    Cai, K.; Cui, B.; Song, B.; Wang, H.; Qiu, Y.; Jones, L.O.; Liu, W.; Shi, Y.; Vemuri, S.; Shen, D., Jiao, T.; Zhang, L.; Wu, H.; Chen, H.; Jiao, Y.; Wang, Y.; Stern, C.L.; Li, H.; Schatz, G.C.; Li, X.; Stoddart, J.F. Radical cyclic [3] daisy chains. Chem 2021, 7, 174–189. [Link]

Highlighted by Chem

(23)    Shaffer, C.; Liu, W.; Oliver. A.G.; Smith, B.D. Supramolecular paradigm for capture and co‐precipitation of gold (III) coordination complexes. Chem. Eur. J. 2021, 27, 751–757. [Link]

Hot Paper

(22)    Wu, W.; Wang, Y.; Jones, L. O.; Liu, W.; Song, B.; Cui, Y.; Cai, K.; Zhang, L.; Shen, D.; Chen, X.; Jiao, Y.; Stern, C. L.; Li, X.; Schatz, G. C.; Stoddart, J.F. Ring-in-ring(s) complexes exhibiting tunable multicolor photoluminescence. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 16849–16860. [Link]

(21)     Qiu, Y.; Song, B.; Pezzato, C.; Shen, D.; Liu, W.; Zhang, L.; Feng, Y.; Guo, Q.-H.; Cai, K.; Li, W.; Chen, H.; Nguyen, M. T.; Shi, Y.; Cheng, C.; Astumian, D. R.; Li, X.; Stoddart, J. F. A precise polyrotaxane synthesizer. Science. 2020, 368, 1247– 1253. [Link]

​Highlighted by C&EN, Chemistry World, Northwestern Now, UMaine News, EurekAlert!, Science Daily, ScienMag, 7th Space Family Portal, Nanotechnology Now and Phys.Org.

Selected as molecules of the year for 2020

(20)     Liu, W.; Stern, C. L.; Stoddart, J. F. Suit[4]ane. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 10273–10238. [link]


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(19)     Liu, W.; Lin, C.; Webber, A. J.; Stern, C. L.; Yong, M. R.; Wasielewski, R. M.; Stoddart, J. F. Cyclophane sustained ultrastable porphyrins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 8938–8945. [link]

Supplementary Cover

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 (18)    Liu, W.; Bobbala, S.; Stern, C. L.; Hornick, J.; Liu, Y.; Enciso, A. E.; Scott, E. A.; Stoddart, J. F. XCage: A tricyclic octacationic receptor for perylene diimide with picomolar affinity in water. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 3165–3173. [link]

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(17)      Liu, W.; Oliver, A. G.; Smith, B. D. Stabilization and extraction of fluoride anion using a tetralactam receptor. J. Org. Chem. 2019, 84, 4050–4057. [link]

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(16)   McGarraugh, H. H.; Liu, W.; Matthews, B. P.; Smith, B. D. Croconaine rotaxane dye with 984 nm absorption: Wavelength-selective photothermal heating. European J. Org. Chem. 2019, 2019, 3489–3494. [link]


(15)    Liu, W.; McGarraugh, H. H.; Smith, B. D. Fluorescent thienothiophene-containing squaraine dyes and threaded supramolecular complexes with tunable wavelengths between 600–800 nm. Molecules 2018, 23, 2229. [link]

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(14)    Liu, W.; Oliver, A.D.; Smith, B. D. Macrocyclic Receptor for Precious Gold, Platinum, or Palladium Coordination Complexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 6810-6813. [link]

Highlighted by Mining, Australian Mining, Wikipedia, and Phy.Org.

(13)     Liu, W.; Johnson, A.; Smith, B. D. Guest back-folding: a molecular design strategy that produces a deep-red fluorescent host/guest pair with picomolar affinity in water. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 3361-3370. [link]

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(12)    Shaw, S.; Liu, W.; Fernando Azael Gómez Durán, C.; Schreiber, C.; de Lourdes Betancourt Mendiola, M.; Zhai, C.; Roland, F.; Padanilam, S.; Smith, B. D. Non-covalently pre-assembled high-performance near-infrared fluorescent molecular probes for cancer imaging. Chem. Eur. J. 2018. 24, 13821–13829. [link]

Hot paper

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(11)     Liu, W.; Gómez-Durán, C. F. A.; Smith, B. D. Fluorescent neuraminidase assay based on supramolecular dye capture after enzymatic cleavage. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 6390-6395. [link]

Highlighted by EurekAlert!, Newswise, The Medical News, Bionity, Inside Indiana Business, Science Daily, and Phy. Org.

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(10)    Liu, W.; Samanta, S. K.; Smith, B. D.; Isaacs, L. Synthetic mimics of biotin/(strept)avidin. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2017, 46, 2391–2403. [link]

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(9)       Shaw, S.; Liu, W.; Brennan, S.P.; Betancourt-Mendiola, M.L.; Smith, B. D. Non-covalent assembly method that simultaneously endows a liposome surface with targeting ligands, protective PEG chains, and deep-red fluorescence reporter groups. Chem. Eur. J. 2017, 12646-12654. [link]

Hot Paper

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(8)      Gómez-Durán, C. F. A.; Liu, W.; Betancourt-Mendiola, M.L.; Smith, B. D. Structural control of kinetics for macrocycle threading by fluorescent squaraine dye in water. J. Org. Chem. 2017,82. 8334-8341. [link]

Featured Article

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(7)      Hu, D.; Jin, S.; Shi, Y.; Wang, X.; Graff, R.; Liu, W.; Zhu, M.; Gao, H. Preparation of hyperstar polymers with encapsulated Au   (SR)   clusters as recyclable catalysts for nitrophenol reduction. Nanoscale 2017, 9, 3929-3636. [link]

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(6)      Liu, W.; Peck, E. M.; Smith, B. D. High affinity macrocycle threading by a near-infrared croconaine dye with flanking polymer chains. J. Phys. Chem. B 2016, 120, 995–1001. [link]

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(5)     Liu, W.; Peck, E. M.; Hendzel, K. D.; Smith, B. D. Sensitive structural control of macrocycle threading by a fluorescent squaraine dye flanked by polymer chains. Org. Lett. 2015, 17, 5268–5271. [link]


(4)     Peck, E. M.; Liu, W.; Spence, G. T.; Shaw, S. K.; Davis, A. P.; Destecroix, H.; Smith, B. D. Rapid macrocycle threading by a fluorescent dye–polymer conjugate in water with nanomolar affinity. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 8668–8672. [link]


(3)     Li, Z.; Liu, W.; Hao, A. Gel-Sol-Gel’ evolution triggered by formic acid. Colloids Surfaces A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 2014, 451, 25–32. [link]

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(2)     Hou, Y.; Li, S.; Sun, T.; Yang, J.; Xing, P.; Liu, W.; Hao, A. Organogels based on β-cyclodextrin system with molecular recognition property. J. Incl. Phenom. Macrocycl. Chem. 2014, 80, 217–224. [link]


(1)      Liu, W.; Xing, P.; Xin, F.; Hou, Y.; Sun, T.; Hao, J.; Hao, A. Novel double phase transforming organogel based on β-cyclodextrin in 1,2-propylene glycol. J. Phys. Chem. B 2012, 116, 13106–13113. [link]

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