•  Host guest chemistry: Cyclophane (tetralactam, blue box, pillararene), cucurbituril, cyclodextrin, molecular tweezers, etc.

  • Optical material: Squaraine, croconaine, cyanine, anthracene, naphthalene, pyrene, naphthalenediimide, pyromelliticdiimide, etc.

  • Bioconjugation chemistry: PEG polymers, disease targeting ligands (RGD peptide), imaging groups, CuAAC reaction, oxime ligation

  • Enzyme assay: Glycosidase, peptidase

  • Drug delivery: Liposome and micelle formulation, membrane transportation

  • Sol-gel materials: Small molecular self assembly gel and cross-linked polymer gel